Adult - 212lb
Caught in the River Ebro, Spain
Albino - close up of mouth
Statue found in Town Centre, Munich, Germany
Dorsal view of head
Juvenile collected in Desna river(Trib. Dniper R.)
Juvenile, Desna River
Juvenile, Desna River
|All Fishes Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Silurus glanis Linnaeus, 1758|
|Common Names||European Catfish
Europeisk Mal (Sweden), Europæisk Malle (Denmark), Sheatfish, Wels
|Type Locality||Orient, less frequently in European lakes.|
|Synonym(s)||Silurus glanis aralensis, Silurus silurus|
|Pronunciation||See loo russ - glare neess|
|Etymology||From the Greek silouros which is the name of the fish. Again from the Greek word glanis, which is the name of the fish|
|Size||5000mm or 196.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Easily distinguished among silurids by its broad head, truncate caudal fin, mottled coloration and immense size.|
|Sexing||Males are more slender and have strong serrations on the posterior edge of the pectoral spine (females lack these serrations).|
|General Remarks||The worlds largest catfish, the largest example of which, caught in the River Dnepr (flowing through the Ukraine into the Black Sea), was measured at 5m (16ft, 5in) long and wieghed 306kg (675lb).
In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
|Distribution||Europe and Asia. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
European rivers (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Category||Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2008.|
|pH||6.0 - 8.0|
|Temperature||4.0-20.0°C or 39.2-68°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||Able to tolerate brackish / salt water as it has been found in brackish water in the Black and Baltic Seas, and has spawned in the salt water of the Aral Sea.|
|Feeding||A voracious predator. Juveniles can be fed live, frozen or pelleted foods; adults can be fed live fish, frogs or baby rats. May be taught to eat strips of raw meat.|
|Furniture||A tankbuster that will outgrow almost any tank. Best kept in a pond. Provide large overhanging roots or pieces of driftwood as suitable hiding places.|
|Compatibility||Given its voracious appetite, best kept alone. Any other tankmates will eventually end up as food.|
|Breeding||Breeding does not occur until the water temperature reaches at least 20˚C, which is in mid-May to June to the south of its range and July to August in the north. The male excavates a redd (pit nest) in weedy gravel or sand-bottomed shallows into which the
female deposits a clump of relatively large (3mm-diameter), yellow, sticky eggs. The number of eggs produced depends on the size of
the female and is equivalent to 25000-30000 per kilogram of her weight.
After fertilizing the eggs, the male guards them until they hatch - usually three to four days later at temperatures of 20-21˚C. When newly hatched, larval catfish are about 7mm long and have only one barbel. They remain in the redd, guarded by the male, until their yolk sacs have been fully absorbed. They then disperse to feed on bottom-dwelling invertebrates and become piscivorous at the end of their first year (when they reach a size of 20-25 cm).
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1, pp 304.|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There is no registered keeper.
|Wishlists||Love this species? Click the heart to add it to your wish list.
There is no wish to keep this species.
|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 6 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
|Look up Silurus glanis on PlanetCatfish.com|
|Look up Silurus glanis on Fishbase|
|Look up Silurus glanis on Encyclopedia of Life|
|Look up Silurus glanis on Global Biodiversity Information Facility|
|'||LFS label creator.|
|Last Update||2020 Sep 19 02:08 (species record created: 2001 Apr 21 00:00)|