All FishesCentrarchidaeLepomis

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Scientific Name Lepomis macrochirus  Rafinesque, 1819
Common Names Bluegill
Bluegill Sunfish, Bream, Copper Nose, Rim, Sunfish
Type Locality Ohio River U.S.A.
Pronunciation leh poe miss. - Mak - row - kii - russ.
Etymology Lepomis is from Greek, lepis meaning scaled and poma meaning gill cover or operculum. The specific epithet is also from the greek and means large hand.
Hop to next section Species Information
Size 410mm or 16.1" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Sexing Adult males are larger and more colorful than females.
Hop to next section Habitat Information
Distribution North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Trade restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BArtSchV). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
IUCN Red List Category Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2018.
Temperature 18.0-24.5°C or 64.4-76.1°F (Show species within this range)
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Omnivorous. Feed flake, pellets, brine shrimp, bloodworms, spirulina, and supermarket shrimp. Adults relish live minnows.
Suggested Tankmates Other Lepomis sunfish (ex. Bluegills, Pumpkinseeds, Green Sunfish, etc.), Black and White Crappies, Black Basses, Yellow Perch, Creek Chubs, Bullhead Catfish, and Channel Catfish.
Breeding In nature, once water temperatures rise to 70-75°F (normally spring) males will excavate nests in the substrate. Multiple females will them spawn with one male. The male will then be the sole protector and caretaker of the eggs and the fry until the fry are a few weeks old.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Hop to next section Further Information
Reference Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 88, pp 420.
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Last Update 2020 Oct 08 14:11 (species record created: 2014 Aug 15 11:25)