All FishesCallichthyidaeCorydoradinaeBrochis

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Scientific NameBrochis splendens  (Castelnau, 1855)
Common NamesEmerald Catfish
Brochis-Panzerwels (Germany), Common Brochis, Emerald Brochis, Green Catfish, Smaragdpansermalle (Denmark)
Type LocalityRio Tocantins, Brazil.
Synonym(s)Brochis coeruleus, Brochis dipterus, Callichthys splendens, Callichthys taiosh, Chaenothorax bicarinatus, Chaenothorax eigenmanni, Corydoras semiscutatus
PronunciationBROK iss - SPLEN denz
EtymologyBrochis: From the Greek brochis, meaning inkhorn; in reference to the resemblance of the fish to one. This specific epithet means "to shine" (splendes=shine).
Hop to next section Species Information
Size 99mm or 3.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationThe genus Brochis can be distinguished from other corydoradine species by the fact that Brochis have more than 10 rays in the dorsal fin, whilst all other members of the Corydoradinae have 7 rays.

B. splendens has fewer rays (10 - 12) in its dorsal fin than the other two species of Brochis
SexingMature females are larger and more fuller. Sexing immature fish is very inaccurate.
Hop to next section Habitat Information
DistributionSouth America: Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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pH5.8 - 8.0
Temperature22.0-28.0°C or 71.6-82.4°F (Show species within this range)
Other ParametersWill adapt to most conditions providing the water is of reasonable quality. Is happier than most fish in low-oxygen conditions. Larger fish prefer deeper water, but this species is less unsettled by life in shallower water.
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingA fish that likes to dig around for food, but will eat all prepared foods that find their way to the substrate. Live bloodworms or tubifex are especially relished - be careful with the tubifex. It can be difficult to feed carefully and if it starts living in the tank water conditions can quickly deteriorate. This can, at least in part, be controlled by offering tubifex in a shallow ceramic bowl.
FurnitureOpen spaces of substrate, and rock or wood refuges, slightly elevated to provide the shade these fish like to rest under, in rare moments of inactivity.
CompatibilityAn ideal community tank resident, keep in shoals.
Suggested TankmatesCan be kept with most fish. More suitable for keeping with loaches than Corydoras as their larger size helps them compete better for food. Boisterous enough to be kept in more dynamic aquaria. Perfect for an Amazon River biotope.
BreedingSee catfish of the month link below.
Hop to next section Further Information
ReferencesExped. Amer. Sud.v. 2 - pp39 - Pl. 18 (fig. 3)
Registered Keepers(1) MHS, (2) wat100 (k: 6).

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Breeding ReportsNone.
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Last Update2017 Oct 30 13:49 (species record created: 2001 Apr 21 00:00)