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Scientific Name Paravandellia oxyptera  Miranda Ribeiro, 1912
Common Name Pantanal Parasitic Catfish
Type Locality Cáceres, Rio Paraguay, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.
Synonym(s) Branchioica bertoni, Parabranchioica teaguei, Pleurophysus hydrostaticus, Vandellia hematophaga
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Size 25mm or 1" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
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Distribution South America: Paraná, Paraguay and Uruguay River basins.
La Plata, ParanĂ¡ (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, ParanĂ¡, Paraguay (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Uruguay (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, ParanĂ¡, Paraguay, Upper Paraguay (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2020.
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Feeding Found to exhibit parasitic traits. Inhabits rivers with sandy to muddy bottom. Forages both during the day and at night seeks the gill chambers of larger fishes, especially catfishes. Enters and leaves the gill chamber during the host's ventilating movements: feeds on blood drawn from the gill filaments and may stay in the gill chamber for 1-3 min; when gorged with blood, moves to the bottom and buries itself in the sand. User data.
Breeding Unreported. Sexually mature at around 18mm.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
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Reference Loricariidae, Callichthyidae, Doradidae e Trichomycteridae Annexo no. 5, pp 29.
Registered Keepers There is no registered keeper.
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Last Update 2024 Jun 29 14:55 (species record created: 2004 Mar 08 00:00)