All FishesLoricariidaeLoricariinaeFarlowella

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Scientific Name Farlowella vittata  Myers, 1942
Common Names Twig Catfish
Grenmaller (Denmark)
Type Locality Tributary of Río Uribanto [Uribante], Tachira State, Venezuela.
Synonym(s) Farlowella agustini, Farlowella angosturae, Farlowella guaricensis, Farlowella roncallii
Pronunciation far LOW ella - vit hat ah
Etymology This genus is named after W. G. Farlow, from Harvard University. This specific epithet refers to its striped (vittatus=striped) appearance.
Hop to next section Species Information
Size 225mm or 8.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification The genus Farlowella is distinguished by its elongate and slender body with a pronounced rostrum (of variable length), having the dorsal fin located near the middle of the body and only slightly anterior to the anal fin (vs. having the dorsal fin conspicuously closer to the head than the tail, and significantly further anterior than the anal fin), and having a brownish color with two lateral dark stripes beginning at the tip of the rostrum, passing through the eyes and ending at the tail. A key to the genus can be found here.

There are at least 25 [Retzer & Page, 1997] species of Farlowella that, in the main, look very similar. The species was identified by its distinctive rostrum and ventral plates arrangement. In particular having two rows of plates on the ventral (belly) area.
Sexing The male's "snout" is broader and when mature sports small bristles called odontodes. This is clearly shown in one of the images above. The female has a thinner snout which always remains smooth.
General Remarks For those collecting these fishes in their natural habitat, it is worth noting that several junior synonyms exist that are found in different biotopes. Farlowella angosturae Martín Salazar, 1964: Type locality: Caño Largo al oeste de Cuidad Bolívar, Edo. Bolívar [Venezuela]. Farlowella agustini Martín Salazar, 1964: Type locality: Una quebrada límite entre los Estados Cojedes y Carabobo, carretera Campo Carabobo Taguanes, afluente del río Chirigua que a su vez lo es del río Pao [Venezuela]. Farlowella guaricensis Martín Salazar, 1964: Type locality: Río Guárico, en el puente de Uverito, carreteria San Juan de Los Morros a Ortiz, Guárico [Venezuela]. Farlowella roncallii Martín Salazar, 1964: Type locality: la quebrada El Ahorcado Aguirre, afluente del Río Tirgua Carabobo [Venezuela].
Hop to next section Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Orinoco River basin.
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2020.
pH 6.0 - 7.0
Temperature 24.0-27.0°C or 75.2-80.6°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Attention to water quality is essential for the long term prosperity of this species.
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Green and soft brown algae, cucumber and lettuce.
Furniture Bogwood, particularly tall, spindly root-like structures. Tall plants such as Vallisneria or Amazon swords. Roof slate if you can get it.
Compatibility Peaceful, to the point of being timid. Not the most active fish, it can spend much of its time sitting perfectly still.
Suggested Tankmates Tetras or Rasboras are best. Avoid fast or "nippy" fishes such as Danios or Barbs. Will do well with Corydoras catfish, but larger catfish or cichlids are to be avoided.
Breeding See Shane's World article.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Hop to next section Further Information
Reference Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 2 (no. 4), pp 103, Fig. 12.
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Last Update 2023 Jan 18 03:36 (species record created: 2001 Apr 29 00:00)