All FishesBagridaeTachysurus  |  | 

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Scientific Name Tachysurus sinensis  (Richardson, 1846)
Common Names Tawny Dragon Catfish
Amur Catfish, Yellow Catfish
Type Locality Canton [= Guangzhou], China.
Synonym(s) Bagrus calvarius, Macrones fulvidraco, Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, Pimelodus fulvidraco, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco, Silurus calvarius, Tachysurus fulvidraco
Pronunciation full vih DRAY ko
Etymology The specific epithet is from ''fulva'', tawny, and ''draco'', dragon.
Hop to next section Species Information
Size 345mm or 13.6" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Tachysurus can be identified by an extrascapular without a laterosensory canal, and a pterotic with a broad lateral laminar expansion. It is among the most speciose catfish groups in East Asia and its members inhabit habitats ranging from fast-flowing hillstreams to large rivers.

Yellow back, yellowish white belly, large and dark brown speckles on sides. Elongated body. Strong spines on pectoral fins with anterior and posterior serrations. Dorsal fin origin much before ventral fin origin. Has an adipose fin. Caudal fin deeply forked.

Is an important food fish in China and Korea. Soup made by simmering the fish with herbs and spices is considered to be a medicinal tonic in China.

Nowadays rarely seen in the hobby (at least in North America and Europe).
Sexing Adult males are larger than females.
Hop to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Asia: Nam Ma basin (Laos) and Viet Nam to southeastern Siberia. Recorded from Amur river basin.
Ma (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Vietnam waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Not Evaluated
pH 6.0 - 7.6
Temperature 16.0-25.0°C or 60.8-77°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters A hardy fish that can live in a wide variety of conditions. This is a cold water fish, so heating is not necessary. Can be successfully maintained in outdoor ponds, assuming climate isn't too hot or cold.
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding In nature, feeds at the bottom on insects (particularly on trichopterans and chironomids), molluscs and occasionally fishes. Not a fussy feeder in captivity. User data.
Furniture Inhabits streams and lakes with muddy and sandy bottoms. Best maintained in an aquarium of 55 gallons or larger. Provide ample hiding places.
Compatibility Generally a peaceful, solitary fish. Should not be kept with small, slow-moving tank mates, as they may be eaten. As a temperate species, you might be tempted to keep it with goldfish. This is not a good idea, slower moving fish will have fins nipped and scales eaten. Fancy goldfish will fare even worse.
Suggested Tankmates Larger cold water cyprinids such as carp, given its propensity for eating smaller tankmates.
Breeding In nature, spawning occurs in summer. Males have been reported to guard both the eggs and larvae in the nest hole, previously dug by the male in the clay bottom. Fry typically hatch in two days. Commercially bred in ponds.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Hop to next section Further Information
Reference Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845], pp 286.
Registered Keepers There is no registered keeper.
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Last Update 2024 Jul 01 15:39 (species record created: 2001 May 03 00:00)