All FishesLoricariidaeHypostominaePeckoltia

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Scientific Name Peckoltia simulata  Fisch-Muller & Covain, 2012
Common Name
Type Locality Crique Moulou Koulou, small tributary of the Oyapock River, 3°06'05''N, 52°20'34''W, French Guiana.
Pronunciation peck OLE tea ah
Etymology Peckoltia: named after Gustavo Peckolt, member of the Natural History Commission of Rondon. Specific epithet simulata, meaning counterfeit in reference to its similarity with Peckoltia oligospila.
Hop to next section Species Information
Size 83mm or 3.3" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Peckoltia simulata is characterized by its specific barcode sequences (JF747001- JF747002), distinguishing it from Guianese species, and by a spotted pattern of colouration of body including posterior part, distinguishing it from all congeners except Peckoltia oligospila, P. bachi, P. sabaji, P. otali and P. capitulata. It is distinguished from the latter by teeth shape, with both lobes similar, long, lateral lobe being only very slightly smaller than medial lobe (versus distinctly smaller). Longer hypertrophied cheek odontodes, longest one passing posterior end of cleithrum (versus not reaching) additionally separate P. simulata from spotted species. It is further separated from P. bachi and P. otali by rounded spotting (versus mottling), from P. sabaji by smaller spots on caudal peduncle, and from P. capitulata by presence of spots on head (versus absence). It can be further distinguished from P. oligospila by having a smaller body depth (19.8-20.4% SL versus 21.1-23.4), narrower body (29.5-30.7% SL versus 30.9-32.8) and shorter orbital diameter (5.9-7.0% SL versus 6.9-8.1).
Sexing Males develop small teeth-like odontodes which adorn the leading pectoral fin rays and the back half of the fishes body. Females remain unadorned and have a wider girth across the body most evident when the area just behind the pectoral fins is viewed from above.
General Remarks Base colour brownish orange-coloured in life, lighter on lower part of caudal peduncle and ventrally, abdomen whitish. Faint dorsal saddles. Dark rounded spots on head, body and fins. Spots small to medium-sized (smaller or equal to pupil) on head, larger (less than eye) posteriorly. Spots rather irregularly distributed on head as well as on body, where they often superimpose. Similar spots on ventral surface, rarer on naked areas. Spots more contrasted, rounded and spaced on fins.
Hop to next section Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Oyapock River in French Guiana.
Guyana Waters, Coastal Rivers of Guyanas, French Guyana Coastal Rivers, Oyapock (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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pH 6.1 - 6.2
Temperature 25.0-26.0°C or 77-78.8°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Water conductivity at type locality, 13-14 μS/cm.
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
Furniture In the wild, collected in areas with gravel bottoms with rocks, woods and leaves.
Suggested Tankmates A medium sized pleco that can be combined with a very wide array of tankmates due to its unfussy nature. Perfectly safe with small fishes and shrimp or robust enough to withstand the attention of all but the largest cichlids.
Breeding Cave spawner.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Hop to next section Further Information
References Cybium v. 36 (no. 1), pp 182, Figs. 7, 11.
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Last Update 2019 May 31 06:05 (species record created: 2014 Feb 27 21:46)