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Recent image updates

    Pterodoras granulosus
    Pterodoras granulosus
    New imageBreeding Reports

    • Nov 18
      Duringlanis romaniDuringlanis romani
      updated report by Jools (b:54)
    • Nov 19
      Hypancistrus zebraHypancistrus zebra
      updated report by Jools (b:17)
    • Jan 01
      Oryzias latipesOryzias latipes
      new report by bekateen (b:37)
    • Aug 12
      Herotilapia multispinosaHerotilapia multispinosa
      new report by bekateen (b:40)
    • Jul 05
      Laetacara dorsigeraLaetacara dorsigera
      updated report by bekateen (b:44)
    • May 11
      Heterandria formosaHeterandria formosa
      updated report by bekateen (b:18)
    • Nov 13
      Nanochromis splendensNanochromis splendens
      updated report by Bettaja (b:55)
    • Feb 21
      Neoheterandria elegansNeoheterandria elegans
      new report by bekateen (b:8)
    • Feb 19
      Copella arnoldiCopella arnoldi
      updated report by bekateen (b:45)
    • Jan 02
      Tanichthys albonubesTanichthys albonubes
      updated report by bekateen (b:40)
    • Nov 08
      Poecilia reticulataPoecilia reticulata
      new report by Divemaster (b:41)
    • Oct 30
      Corydoras (lineage 6) paleatusCorydoras (lineage 6) paleatus
      new report by Divemaster (b:42)
    • Aug 19
      Hypancistrus zebraHypancistrus zebra
      new report by JKvalvaag (b:49)
    • Aug 19
      Corydoras (lineage 9) sterbaiCorydoras (lineage 9) sterbai
      new report by JKvalvaag (b:48)
    • Aug 19
      Danio margaritatusDanio margaritatus
      new report by JKvalvaag (b:43)
    • Aug 15
      Semotilus atromaculatusSemotilus atromaculatus
      new report by Divemaster (b:42)
    • Nov 29
      Synodontis multipunctatusSynodontis multipunctatus
      new report by Cichlidon (b:25)
    • Aug 24
      Poecilia sphenopsPoecilia sphenops
      new report by HUNdani (b:13)
    • Aug 22
      Apistogramma cacatuoidesApistogramma cacatuoides
      new report by HUNdani (b:13)
    • Aug 22
      Xiphophorus helleriiXiphophorus hellerii
      new report by HUNdani (b:11)
    • Aug 22
      Corydoras (lineage 7) aeneusCorydoras (lineage 7) aeneus
      new report by HUNdani (b:13)
    • Aug 22
      Psalidodon anisitsiPsalidodon anisitsi
      new report by HUNdani (b:13)
    • May 28
      Corydoras (lineage 4) pygmaeusCorydoras (lineage 4) pygmaeus
      new report by Onsaud (b:49)
    • May 21 Nomorhamphus ebrardtii new report by tyrano34 (b:27)
    • Mar 22
      Benitochromis finleyiBenitochromis finleyi
      new report by Andi8421 (b:19)
    • Mar 21
      Pelvicachromis pulcherPelvicachromis pulcher
      new report by Andi8421 (b:6)
    • Nov 08
      Haplochromis vanheusdeniHaplochromis vanheusdeni
      new report by Anton (b:13)
    • Jul 30
      Corydoras (lineage 5) sp. (C123)Corydoras (lineage 5) sp. (C123)
      new report by Bd79 (b:6)
    • Jun 07
      Clupisoma bastariClupisoma bastari
      new report by djtonyel (b:12)
    • May 12 Poeciliopsis prolifica new report by Harold Weiss (b:45)
    • Jan 24
      Benitochromis ufermanniBenitochromis ufermanni
      new report by Anton (b:10)
    • Jan 16
      Benitochromis batesiiBenitochromis batesii
      new report by Anton (b:54)
    • Species Profile Updates

      • Apr 10, 14:19 Pariolius maldonadoi (Heptapteridae)
      • Apr 10, 14:19 Pariolius pax (Heptapteridae)
      • Apr 06, 01:45 (Loricariidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Londoño-Burbano & Reis] from [Londoño-Burbano & Reis].

        Type_locality changed to [Boca de Pepé, one of the various tributaries and river close to village, Baudó River basin, Chocó department, Colombia, 5°03'04"N, 77°3'00"W [corrected].] from [Boca de Pepé, one of the various tributaries and river close to village, Baudó River basin, Chocó department, Colombia, 5°03'04"N, 77°3'00"W [corrected].].

        Brazil_negative_list changed to [n] from [].

        Genus_identification changed to [Sturisoma and Sturisomatichthys can be difficult to tell apart. Older descriptions of the genera emphasized the length of the snout (elongated in Sturisoma), but this trait is not reliable across species. Recent analyses allow discrimination based on the abdominal plates, fin colors and lateral plates: Sturisoma has its central abdominal plates arranged in three clearly-defined longitudinal series; all fins (except sometimes pectoral fins) lack dark spots; and 20–21 lateral plates in median series. Sturisomatichthys has its central abdominal plates less organized, not arranged in clearly-defined longitudinal series; dark spots usually present on one or more of the dorsal-, pectoral-, pelvic, or anal-fins; and 15–18 lateral plates in median series. Furthermore, to date all Sturisoma are cis-Andean; most (but not all) Sturisomatichthys are trans-Andean.] from [Sturisoma and Sturisomatichthys can be difficult to tell apart. Older descriptions of the genera emphasized the length of the snout (elongated in Sturisoma), but this trait is not reliable across species. Recent analyses allow discrimination based on the abdominal plates, fin colors and lateral plates: Sturisoma has its central abdominal plates arranged in three clearly-defined longitudinal series; all fins (except sometimes pectoral fins) lack dark spots; and 20–21 lateral plates in median series. Sturisomatichthys has its central abdominal plates less organized, not arranged in clearly-defined longitudinal series; dark spots usually present on one or more of the dorsal-, pectoral-, pelvic, or anal-fins; and 15–18 lateral plates in median series. Furthermore, to date all Sturisoma are cis-Andean; most (but not all) Sturisomatichthys are trans-Andean.].

        Identification changed to [Often, incorrectly, labelled S. aureum or S. festivus. In this species, the striking dorsal finnage has extensions (especially on the male) and a very high body compared to most congeners. It differs from S. festivus in that it never develops long filaments from the pectoral fins.] from [Often, incorrectly, labelled S. aureum. In this species the striking finnage has long flowing extensions (especially on the male) and a very high body compared to congeners. It differs from S. festivum in that it never develops long filaments from the tips of the pectoral fins.].

        Breeding changed to [Is bred in the aquarium, see S. aureum.] from [Is bred in the aquarium, see S. aureum.].
      • Apr 06, 01:45 (Loricariidae)
        [changes]
        Brazil_negative_list changed to [n] from [].

        Genus_identification changed to [Sturisoma and Sturisomatichthys can be difficult to tell apart. Older descriptions of the genera emphasized the length of the snout (elongated in Sturisoma), but this trait is not reliable across species. Recent analyses allow discrimination based on the abdominal plates, fin colors and lateral plates: Sturisoma has its central abdominal plates arranged in three clearly-defined longitudinal series; all fins (except sometimes pectoral fins) lack dark spots; and 20–21 lateral plates in median series. Sturisomatichthys has its central abdominal plates less organized, not arranged in clearly-defined longitudinal series; dark spots usually present on one or more of the dorsal-, pectoral-, pelvic, or anal-fins; and 15–18 lateral plates in median series. Furthermore, to date all Sturisoma are cis-Andean; most (but not all) Sturisomatichthys are trans-Andean.] from [Sturisoma and Sturisomatichthys can be difficult to tell apart. Older descriptions of the genera emphasized the length of the snout (elongated in Sturisoma), but this trait is not reliable across species. Recent analyses allow discrimination based on the abdominal plates, fin colors and lateral plates: Sturisoma has its central abdominal plates arranged in three clearly-defined longitudinal series; all fins (except sometimes pectoral fins) lack dark spots; and 20–21 lateral plates in median series. Sturisomatichthys has its central abdominal plates less organized, not arranged in clearly-defined longitudinal series; dark spots usually present on one or more of the dorsal-, pectoral-, pelvic, or anal-fins; and 15–18 lateral plates in median series. Furthermore, to date all Sturisoma are cis-Andean; most (but not all) Sturisomatichthys are trans-Andean.].

        Identification changed to [This high-backed species develops long extensions to the pectoral fins.] from [].

        Distribution changed to [Venezuela: Maracaibo Basin
        Colombia: Rio Catatumbo.]
        from [Venezuela: Maracaibo Basin
        Colombia: Rio Catatumbo.].
      • Apr 05, 19:54 Chiloglanis carnatus (Mochokidae) New Species
      • Apr 05, 19:51 Pimelodella guato (Heptapteridae) New Species
      • Apr 03, 15:47 Glyptothorax heokheei (Sisoridae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Singh, Chowdhury, Gurumayum & Kosygin] from [Singh, Kosygin, Chowdhury & Gurumayum].

        Etymology changed to [The species is named after Heok Hee Ng, our very own "Silurus", and of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, National University of Singapore (NUS), honouring his valuable contributions to the taxonomy and systematics of Asian catfishes.] from [The species is named after Heok Hee Ng, our very own "Silurus", and of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, National University of Singapore (NUS), honouring his valuable contributions to the taxonomy and systematics of Asian catfishes.].

        Literature changed to [Zootaxa 5383 (no. 1), pp 76, Figs. 1, 2a.] from [Singh, P, B R Chowdhury, S D Gurumayum & L Kosygin, 2023. Glyptothorax heokheei, a new species of catfish (Teleostei: Sisoridae) from the Brahmaputra River drainage, Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India. Zootaxa 5383.75–82.].

        Genus_identification changed to [Sisorid catfishes of the genus Glyptothorax Blyth are benthic inhabitants of torrential waters of rivers and streams in montane and submontane parts of tropical Asia. The members of the genus are adapted to attach themselves to rocks and boulders against strong currents by means of a thoracic adhesive apparatus comprising grooves and folded pleats of skin parallel or oblique to the longitudinal axis of the body. The genus has a wide distribution, ranging from Turkey and Syria in the west, to India and China in the east, and extending further southeastward to Indonesia. With 84 nominal species, Glyptothorax are the most speciose genus of catfishes in Asia (Eschmeyer et al., 1998, Ng, 2005); 67 species were treated as valid by Thomson & Page (2006).] from [Sisorid catfishes of the genus Glyptothorax Blyth are benthic inhabitants of torrential waters of rivers and streams in montane and submontane parts of tropical Asia. The members of the genus are adapted to attach themselves to rocks and boulders against strong currents by means of a thoracic adhesive apparatus comprising grooves and folded pleats of skin parallel or oblique to the longitudinal axis of the body. The genus has a wide distribution, ranging from Turkey and Syria in the west, to India and China in the east, and extending further southeastward to Indonesia. With 84 nominal species, Glyptothorax are the most speciose genus of catfishes in Asia (Eschmeyer et al., 1998, Ng, 2005); 67 species were treated as valid by Thomson & Page (2006).].

        Distribution changed to [Glyptothorax heokheei is presently known only from the type locality, Siku stream near Mebo, a tributary of the Siang River, Brahmaputra drainage, East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India.] from [Glyptothorax heokheei is presently known only from the type locality, Siku stream near Mebo, a tributary of the Siang River, Brahmaputra drainage, East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India.].
      • Apr 03, 13:23 Bedotia tricolor (Bedotiidae)
        [changes]
        Genus_etymology changed to [Bedotia: After Maurice Bedot, 1859-1927; born in Geneva, systematist on Hydrozoan.] from [Bedotia: After Maurice Bedot, 1859-1927; born in Geneva, systematist on Hydrozoan.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57 (no. 1), pp 85.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57, pp 85].
      • Apr 03, 13:23 Plataplochilus loemensis (Procatopodidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Lombo River, tributary of Loémé River, but probably the Koulombo River, Congo-Brazzaville.] from [Lombo River, tributary of Loémé River, but probably the Koulombo River, Congo-Brazzaville.].

        Etymology changed to [loemensis name based on the main river of the type locality, Loémé River.] from [loemensis name based on the main river of the type locality, Loémé River.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 49 (no. 3/5), pp 289, Fig. 3.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 49, pp 289, Fig. 3].
      • Apr 03, 13:23 (Hepsetidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Coast of Guinea, Africa [believed to be west coast of Africa, probably Togo or southeastern Ghana].] from [Coast of Guinea, Africa [believed to be west coast of Africa].].

        Literature changed to [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8, pp 122, Pl. 386.] from [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8, pp 122, Pl. 386.].
      • Apr 03, 13:23 Bedotia longianalis (Bedotiidae)
        [changes]
        Genus_etymology changed to [Bedotia: After Maurice Bedot, 1859-1927; born in Geneva, systematist on Hydrozoan.] from [Bedotia: After Maurice Bedot, 1859-1927; born in Geneva, systematist on Hydrozoan.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 39 (no. 4), pp 178.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 39, pp 178].
      • Apr 03, 13:23 (Eleotridae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Bay of Bengal, India.] from [Bengal, India.].
      • Apr 03, 13:22 Hemigrammus cupreus (Characidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Jatuarana, Silves, Lago Saracá, Amazon system, Brazil [= Barreirinha, Amazon River and Lago Saracá, Amazonas, Brazil, about 2°50'S, 58°14'W].] from [Jatuarana, Lago Saraca, Amazon system, Brazil.].

        Type_loc_lat changed to [-2.8333333333333] from [0].

        Type_loc_long changed to [-58.233333333333] from [0].

        Genus_etymology changed to [Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal.] from [Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal.].

        Distribution changed to [South America: Solimões River basin.] from [South America: Solimões River basin.].
      • Apr 03, 13:22 Pyrrhulina australis (Lebiasinidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Eigenmann & Kennedy] from [Eigenmann & Kennedy].

        Type_locality changed to [Arroyo Trementina, Concepción, Paraguay, near 23°4'2"S, 57°3'1"W.] from [Arroyo Trementina, Paraguay.].

        Type_loc_lat changed to [-23.067222222222] from [0].

        Type_loc_long changed to [-57.050277777778] from [0].

        Distribution changed to [South America: La Plata and Paraguay River basins north into the Guaporé River basin.] from [South America: La Plata and Paraguay River basins north into the Guaporé River basin.].
      • Apr 03, 13:22 Pyrrhulina brevis (Lebiasinidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Mouth of Rio Negro, Brazil [Lago Cudajas, Tabatinga, and Rio Negro at Manaos [Manaus], Brazil].] from [Mouth of Rio Negro; Cudajas, Tabatinga, and Rio Negro at Manaos [Manaus], Brazil.].
      • Apr 03, 13:22 Triportheus albus (Triportheidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Río Ambyiacu [Ampyacu, Amazon basin], Peru.] from [Río Ambyiacu, Peru.].
      • Apr 02, 09:22 Rheocles alaotrensis (Bedotiidae)
        [changes]
        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 39 (no. 2), pp 46.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 39, pp 46].
      • Apr 02, 09:22 (Gobiidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Pellegrin & Fang] from [Pellegrin & Fang].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65 (no. 2), pp 122, Fig. 6.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65, pp 122, Fig. 6.].
      • Apr 02, 09:21 Serrasalmus scapularis (Serrasalmidae)
        [changes]
        Original_desc changed to [y] from [n].
      • Apr 02, 09:21 (Cyprinidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Pellegrin & Chevey] from [Pellegrin & Chevey].

        Type_locality changed to [Phu-Thô (Song Bua, Red River), Vietnam.] from [Phu-Thô (Song Bua, Red River), Vietnam.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61 (no. 1), pp 22, Fig. 3.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61, pp 22, Fig. 3.].
      • Apr 02, 09:20 Jabarichromis pfefferi (Cichlidae)
      • Apr 02, 09:19 Rachoviscus crassiceps (Characidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Supposedly near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [aquarium import].] from [Supposedly near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.].

        Literature changed to [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 37 (no. 24), pp 566, fig'd.] from [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 37 (no. 24), pp 566, fig'd.].

        Distribution changed to [South America: Coastal river basins of Paraná and northern Santa Catarina, Brazil.] from [South America: Coastal river basins of Paraná and northern Santa Catarina, Brazil.].
      • Apr 02, 09:18 Petitella rhodostoma (Characidae)
        [changes]
        Original_desc changed to [n] from [y].
      • Apr 02, 09:16 Glaphyropoma spinosa (Trichomycteridae)
      • Apr 02, 09:16 Anguilla labiata (Anguillidae)
        [changes]
        Sl changed to [1200] from [0].

        Distribution changed to [Asia: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and the East Indies. Reported from Nepal and Bangladesh. Endangered status in India. Anguilla bengalensis labiata is the African subspecies.] from [].
      • Apr 02, 09:15 Anguilla pacifica (Anguillidae)
        [changes]
        Sl changed to [1200] from [0].

        Distribution changed to [Indo-Pacific: widespread in the tropical Indian Ocean and western Pacific. Known in Australia only from streams in the Kimberley regions of northern western Australia. Africa: widespread but relatively uncommon along east and southeast African coast and Madagascar. Mozambique; Lower Zambezi River. Most easily confused with Anguilla obscura and the surest way to distinguish them is by the count of vertebrae.] from [].
      • Apr 02, 09:15 (Salangidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Osbeck] from [].

        Year changed to [1765] from [0].

        Original_desc changed to [n] from [].

        Type_locality changed to [Pearl River/Chu Chiang, at Huampo or Wampo/Huang Pu Harbour, Canton, Guangdong Province, China.] from [].

        Literature changed to [Reise nach Ostindien und China, pp 309.] from [].
      • Apr 02, 09:15 Chasmocranus brachynema (Heptapteridae)
        [changes]
        Distribution changed to [South America: Mogi Guaçu River basin in upper Paraná River drainage, Brazil.] from [Mogi Guaçu River basin in upper Paraná River drainage, Brazil.].
      • Apr 02, 09:14 Teramulus waterloti (Atherinidae)
        [changes]
        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57 (no. 3), pp 227.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57, pp 227.].
      • Apr 02, 09:14 Chromidotilapia guntheri (Cichlidae)
        [changes]
        Genus_etymology changed to [Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish.] from [Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 7 (no. 5), pp 317 [5], Pl. 5 (fig. 1).] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 7, pp 317 [5], Pl. 5 (fig. 1).].

        Distribution changed to [Africa: Sierra Leone to Lower Cameroon and Benito River, in forest and northern adjoining savannah. Also known from the Niger and the Bénoué River and the Sine-Saloum Estuary in Senegal.] from [Africa: Sierra Leone to Lower Cameroon and Benito River, in forest and northern adjoining savannah. Also known from the Niger and the Bénoué River and the Sine-Saloum Estuary in Senegal.].
      • Apr 02, 09:14 (Characidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Villa Bella and Cudajas, Amazon River, Brazil [Parintins and Codajás, Amazones, Brazil].] from [Villa Bella and Cudajas, Amazon River.].

        Genus_etymology changed to [Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal.] from [Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal.].
      • Apr 02, 09:13 (Danionidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Pellegrin & Fang] from [Pellegrin & Fang].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65 (no. 2), pp 118, Fig. 4.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65, pp 118, Fig. 4.].
      • Apr 02, 09:13 (Soleidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Pellegrin & Chevey] from [Pellegrin & Chevey].

        Year changed to [1941] from [1940].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65 (no. 3) [for 1940], pp 155, Fig. 1.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65, pp 155, Fig. 1.].
      • Apr 02, 09:13 (Mormyridae)
        [changes]
        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 52 (no. 4), pp 299.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 52 (for 1927), pp 299].
      • Apr 02, 09:12 Neolebias ansorgii (Distichodontidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Marshes near Luculla River, Mayumbe, Chiloango River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo.] from [Lucula River, Angola.].

        Literature changed to [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3), pp 8, Pl. 17 (fig. 3)] from [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3), pp 8, Pl. 17 (fig. 3)].
      • Apr 02, 09:12 Sphaerichthys vaillanti (Osphronemidae)
        [changes]
        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 3), pp 243.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55, pp 243.].
      • Mar 31, 11:06 Triportheus trifurcatus (Triportheidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Rio Araguay [Araguaia], Pará, Brazil.] from [Rio Araguay, Pará, Brazil.].
      • Mar 31, 11:06 Metynnis fasciatus (Serrasalmidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Rio Capiuru [Capim], Amazon system, Brazil.] from [Rio Capiuru, Amazon system, Brazil.].
      • Mar 31, 11:06 (Siluridae)
        [changes]
        Genus_etymology changed to [The etymology of Ompok is unclear. It is believed to be a corruption of the Indonesian name for mid-sized silurid catfishes, limpok.] from [The etymology of Ompok is unclear. It is believed to be a corruption of the Indonesian name for mid-sized silurid catfishes, limpok.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 18 (no. 1), pp 61.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 18, pp 61.].

        Genus_identification changed to [The catfish genus Ompok La Cepède, 1803, consists of medium-sized silurid fishes found in inland waters throughout South and Southeast Asia. The genus is traditionally diagnosed by the presence of a short dorsal fin with 4 rays, strongly forked caudal fin, subcutaneous eye that is set immediately posterior to the mouth rictus and two patches of palatal teeth (Weber & de Beaufort, 1913). Bornbusch (1995) showed that Ompok, as currently understood, is probably paraphyletic.] from [The catfish genus Ompok La Cepède, 1803, consists of medium-sized silurid fishes found in inland waters throughout South and Southeast Asia. The genus is traditionally diagnosed by the presence of a short dorsal fin with 4 rays, strongly forked caudal fin, subcutaneous eye that is set immediately posterior to the mouth rictus and two patches of palatal teeth (Weber & de Beaufort, 1913). Bornbusch (1995) showed that Ompok, as currently understood, is probably paraphyletic.].
      • Mar 31, 11:06 (Schilbeidae)
        [changes]
        Etymology changed to [From the Latin brevis (short) and anus (here referring to the anal fin) because of the short anal fin and the low number of anal fin rays in the types of this species.] from [From the Latin brevis (short) and anus (here referring to the anal fin) because of the short anal fin and the low number of anal fin rays in the types of this species.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 54 (no. 4), pp 362.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 54, pp 362.].

        Identification changed to [Adipose fin present, head rounded, eyes small, marbled colour pattern, less than 45 branched anal fin rays. Closely resembles Schilbe yangambianus from Zaire, on which the nasal barbels are longer.] from [Adipose fin present, head rounded, eyes small, marbled colour pattern, less than 45 branched anal fin rays. Closely resembles Schilbe yangambianus from Zaire, on which the nasal barbels are longer.].
      • Mar 31, 11:05 Distichodus lusosso (Distichodontidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Bayari-sea, Democratic Republic of Congo [possibly Boma, lower Congo or Stanley Pool].] from [Bayari-sea, Democratic Republic of Congo.].
      • Mar 31, 11:05 (Eleotridae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [India [Botanical Garden of Calcutta, Ganges River estuary, India].] from [Botanical Garden of Calcutta, Ganges River estuary, India.].
      • Mar 31, 11:05 (Cyprinidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Pellegrin & Fang] from [Pellegrin & Fang].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65 (no. 2), pp 114, Fig. 2.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65, pp 114, Fig. 2.].
      • Mar 31, 11:05 Trichomycterus quechuorum (Trichomycteridae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Arequipa, Río Chile, southern Peru.] from [Arequipa, Río Chile, southern Peru.].

        Literature changed to [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 18), pp 207.] from [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 18) (for 12 July 1900), pp 207.].
      • Mar 31, 08:27 (Mochokidae)
        [changes]
        Genus_etymology changed to [According to Cuvier, Synodontis is an "ancient name for an undetermined fish from the Nile". It is not derived, as often reported, from syn-, together and odous, tooth, presumed etymology of the lizardfish genus Synodus and refers to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth of both genera.] from [According to Cuvier, Synodontis is an "ancient name for an undetermined fish from the Nile". It is not derived, as often reported, from syn-, together and odous, tooth, presumed etymology of the lizardfish genus Synodus and refers to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth of both genera.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 49 (no. 3/5), pp 320, Fig. 1.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 49, pp 320, Fig. 1.].

        Genus_identification changed to [All species in the genus Synodontis have a hardened head cap that has attached a process (humeral process) which is situated behind the gill opening and pointed towards the posterior. The dorsal fin and pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated. Caudal fin is always forked. There is one pair of maxillary barbels, sometimes having membranes and occasionally branched. The two pairs of mandibular barbels are often branched and can have nodes attached. The cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw are short. S-shaped and movable in the lower jaw. These fish produce audible sounds when disturbed rubbing the base of the pectoral spine against the pectoral girdle.] from [All species in the genus Synodontis have a hardened head cap that has attached a process (humeral process) which is situated behind the gill opening and pointed towards the posterior. The dorsal fin and pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated. Caudal fin is always forked. There is one pair of maxillary barbels, sometimes having membranes and occasionally branched. The two pairs of mandibular barbels are often branched and can have nodes attached. The cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw are short. S-shaped and movable in the lower jaw. These fish produce audible sounds when disturbed rubbing the base of the pectoral spine against the pectoral girdle.].

        Identification changed to [This species can look similar to, and is from around the same region as, S. tessmanni. It is differentiated by S. albolineatus having serrations on the hard ray of the dorsal fin.] from [This species can look similar to, and is from around the same region as, S. tessmanni. It is differentiated by S. albolineatus having serrations on the hard ray of the dorsal fin.].
      • Mar 31, 08:27 (Clariidae)
        [changes]
        Genus_etymology changed to [Clarias: From the Greek chlaros, meaning lively; in reference to the ability of the fish to live for long periods out of water.] from [Clarias: From the Greek chlaros, meaning lively; in reference to the ability of the fish to live for long periods out of water.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 45 (no. 3/7), pp 118.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 45, pp118.].

        Genus_identification changed to [Clarias species are characterized by having an elongated body; a soft rayed dorsal fin extending to, or nearly to, the caudal fin base; a soft rayed anal fin extending from just behind the anus to the caudal fin base; pectoral fins each with a serrated anterior bony spine; head depressed, covered largely by firmly sutured, surface sculptured bony plates forming a protective helmet; four pairs of flagellate barbels (nasals, maxillaries, inner and outer mandibulars); air breathing organs derived from the 2nd and 4th epibranchials within a superbranchial chamber.] from [Clarias species are characterized by having an elongated body; a soft rayed dorsal fin extending to, or nearly to, the caudal fin base; a soft rayed anal fin extending from just behind the anus to the caudal fin base; pectoral fins each with a serrated anterior bony spine; head depressed, covered largely by firmly sutured, surface sculptured bony plates forming a protective helmet; four pairs of flagellate barbels (nasals, maxillaries, inner and outer mandibulars); air breathing organs derived from the 2nd and 4th epibranchials within a superbranchial chamber.].

        Distribution changed to [Africa: Côte d'Ivoire to southeast Nigeria.] from [Africa: Côte d'Ivoire to southeast Nigeria.].
      • Mar 31, 08:26 Trichomycterus santanderensis (Trichomycteridae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Cave El Puente, 7°09'49"N, 73°17'21"W, Portugal Street, Municipio of Lebrija, upper Lebrija River basin, Santander, Colombia.] from [Cave El Puente, 7°09'49''N, 73°17'21''W, Portugal Street, munic. of Lebrija, upper Lebrija River basin, Santander, Colombia.].
      • Mar 31, 08:26 (Trichomycteridae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Barbosa & Costa] from [Barbosa & Costa].

        Type_locality changed to [São Francisco Xavier, Cachoeira Pedro David, tributary of river do Peixe, Paraíba do Sul river basin, 22°55'29.5"S, 45°58'49.6"W, Município de São José, São Paulo State, Brazil, elevation about 800 meters.] from [São Francisco Xavier, Cachoeira Pedro David, tributary of river do Peixe, Paraíba do Sul river basin, 22°55'29.5''S, 45°58'49.6''W, Município de São José, São Paula State, Brazil, elevation about 800 meters.].
      • Mar 31, 08:26 (Loricariidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil [Rio Camaquã basin].] from [Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].

        Genus_etymology changed to [The name Ancistrus is derived from the Greek word agkistron, meaning hook, in reference to the interopercular odontodes that are hooked.] from [The name Ancistrus is derived from the Greek word agkistron, meaning hook, in reference to the interopercular odontodes that are hooked.].

        Genus_identification changed to [Mature males and sometimes females have soft tentacles (bushy fleshy growths) on the snout - this is unique to the genus Ancistrus.] from [Mature males and sometimes females have soft tentacles (bushy fleshy growths) on the snout - this is unique to the genus Ancistrus.].

        Genus_feeding changed to [Ancistrus should be fed mainly on vegetarian foods. Prepared foods include algae wafers and spirulina based sinking food. Vegetables such as courgette/zucchini, and (English) cucumber are an excellent addition to the diet, along with the odd, small amount of more meaty foods.] from [Ancistrus should be fed mainly on vegetarian foods. Prepared foods include algae wafers and spirulina based sinking food. Vegetables such as courgette/zucchini, and (English) cucumber are an excellent addition to the diet, along with the odd, small amount of more meaty foods.].

        Genus_breeding changed to [All Ancistrus species are cave-breeders, where the male looks after the eggs and young fry.] from [All Ancistrus species are cave-breeders, where the male looks after the eggs and young fry.].
      • Mar 31, 08:26 Pygopristis denticulata (Serrasalmidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Locality unknown [Guyana].] from [].

        Literature changed to [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 5, pp 371.] from [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 5, pp 371.].
      • Mar 31, 08:26 (Pangasiidae)
        [changes]
        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 7) [for 1930], pp 538, Figs. 1-2.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 7) (1930), pp 538, Figs. 1-2.].
      • Mar 31, 04:07 Bathyaethiops caudomaculatus (Alestidae)
        [changes]
        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 50 (no. 2), pp 101.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 50, pp 101.].
      • Mar 31, 04:04 Hypostomus minotauros (Loricariidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Zawadzki, Penido, Pessali & Lucinda] from [].

        Year changed to [2024] from [0].

        Original_desc changed to [y] from [].

        Literature changed to [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters IEF-1194, pp Figs.] from [].
      • Mar 31, 04:04 (Loricariidae)
        [changes]
        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 33 (no. 6/7), pp 125.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 33 (for 25 June 1908), pp 125.].

        Tankmates changed to [See article.] from [See article.].

        Breeding changed to [See article.] from [See article.].
      • Mar 31, 04:04 (Callichthyidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Tencatt, Grant & Bentley] from [].

        Year changed to [2023] from [0].

        Original_desc changed to [y] from [-].

        Type_locality changed to [Rio Jutaí, reportedly near confluence with Rio Solimões, Rio Amazonas basin, Jutaí, Amazonas, Brazil, circa 02°45'S, 66°48'W.] from [].

        Type_loc_lat changed to [-2.75] from [0].

        Type_loc_long changed to [-66.8] from [0].

        Genus_etymology changed to [.] from [.].

        Literature changed to [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 21 (no. 4): e230105, pp 3, Figs. 1-11.] from [].

        Genus_breeding changed to [This species has been bred in captivity, the breeding reports here are may include reports for the closely related (but not Brazilian) Corydoras trilineatus.] from [This species has been bred in captivity, the breeding reports here are may include reports for the closely related (but not Brazilian) Corydoras trilineatus.].
      • Mar 31, 04:03 Hemigrammus stictus (Characidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Lama Stop-off, Guyana [Demerara-Mahaica, Mahaica River drainage, circa 6°32'N, 51°1'W].] from [Lama Stop-off, Guyana.].

        Type_loc_lat changed to [6.5333333333333] from [0].

        Type_loc_long changed to [-51.016666666667] from [0].

        Genus_etymology changed to [Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal.] from [Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal.].
      • Mar 31, 03:35 (Loricariidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Neuhaus, Meza-Vargas, Herrera & Lujan] from [].

        Year changed to [2023] from [0].

        Original_desc changed to [y] from [-].

        Type_locality changed to [Caño Pichanas, tributary of Palcazú River, Pachitea and Ucayali River drainages, Amazon River basin, town of San Pedro de Pichanas, Villa Rica district, Oxapampa Province, Peru, 10°29'12.84"S, 75°2'5.34" W.] from [].

        Type_loc_lat changed to [-10.4869] from [0].

        Type_loc_long changed to [-75.034816666667] from [0].

        Genus_etymology changed to [The name Ancistrus is derived from the Greek word agkistron, meaning hook, in reference to the interopercular odontodes that are hooked.] from [The name Ancistrus is derived from the Greek word agkistron, meaning hook, in reference to the interopercular odontodes that are hooked.].

        Literature changed to [Journal of Fish Biology Early view, pp 2, Figs. 1-3.] from [DATZ 7/1998, p 416.].

        Genus_identification changed to [Mature males and sometimes females have soft tentacles (bushy fleshy growths) on the snout - this is unique to the genus Ancistrus.] from [Mature males and sometimes females have soft tentacles (bushy fleshy growths) on the snout - this is unique to the genus Ancistrus.].

        Identification changed to [This species has dark fins and a network head pattern giving way to regular stripeds along the flanks of the fish. Overall the colouration is reminiscent of adult male Corydoras napoensis.] from [This species has dark fins and a network head pattern giving way to regular stripeds along the flanks of the fish. Overall the colouration is reminiscent of adult male Corydoras napoensis.].

        Genus_feeding changed to [Ancistrus should be fed mainly on vegetarian foods. Prepared foods include algae wafers and spirulina based sinking food. Vegetables such as courgette/zucchini, and (English) cucumber are an excellent addition to the diet, along with the odd, small amount of more meaty foods.] from [Ancistrus should be fed mainly on vegetarian foods. Prepared foods include algae wafers and spirulina based sinking food. Vegetables such as courgette/zucchini, and (English) cucumber are an excellent addition to the diet, along with the odd, small amount of more meaty foods.].

        Genus_breeding changed to [All Ancistrus species are cave-breeders, where the male looks after the eggs and young fry.] from [All Ancistrus species are cave-breeders, where the male looks after the eggs and young fry.].
      • Mar 31, 03:35 Labiobarbus festivus (Cyprinidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Heckel] from [].

        Year changed to [1843] from [0].

        Original_desc changed to [n] from [].

        Type_locality changed to [Borneo.] from [].

        Literature changed to [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2), pp 1025 [35].] from [].
      • Mar 31, 03:34 (Mochokidae)
        [changes]
        Genus_etymology changed to [According to Cuvier, Synodontis is an "ancient name for an undetermined fish from the Nile". It is not derived, as often reported, from syn-, together and odous, tooth, presumed etymology of the lizardfish genus Synodus and refers to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth of both genera.] from [According to Cuvier, Synodontis is an "ancient name for an undetermined fish from the Nile". It is apparently not derived, as often reported, from syn-, together and odous, tooth, presumed etymology of the lizardfish genus Synodus and in reference to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth of both genera.].

        Etymology changed to [multi- meaning many and punctatus meaning spotted.] from [multi- meaning many and punctatus meaning spotted.].

        Genus_identification changed to [All species in the genus Synodontis have a hardened head cap that has attached a process (humeral process) which is situated behind the gill opening and pointed towards the posterior. The dorsal fin and pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated. Caudal fin is always forked. There is one pair of maxillary barbels, sometimes having membranes and occasionally branched. The two pairs of mandibular barbels are often branched and can have nodes attached. The cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw are short. S-shaped and movable in the lower jaw. These fish produce audible sounds when disturbed rubbing the base of the pectoral spine against the pectoral girdle.] from [All species in the genus Synodontis have a hardened head cap that has attached a process (humeral process) which is situated behind the gill opening and pointed towards the posterior. The dorsal fin and pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated. Caudal fin is always forked. There is one pair of maxillary barbels, sometimes having membranes and occasionally branched. The two pairs of mandibular barbels are often branched and can have nodes attached. The cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw are short. S-shaped and movable in the lower jaw. These fish produce audible sounds when disturbed rubbing the base of the pectoral spine against the pectoral girdle.].

        Identification changed to [The base colouration is whitish grey, becoming a stronger brownish, often a very attractive golden bronze, on the head and upper body. The belly is whitish with or without spots. On the base color, there are roundish dark spots of variable size, at most eye diameter and smaller on the head. In juvenile specimens spots are larger, irregular and sometimes confluent. Maxillary and mandibular barbels white. Iris is yellowish to copper coloured. Dorsal and pectoral-fin spines are brown to black, and filaments white. Pectoral spine with a thin, light stripe along the anterior margin. Dorsal and pectoral fins with black triangles at the base, posterior margins white in colour. Triangles in this species may be completely solid or composed of closely spaced dots. Black triangles at the base of pelvic and anal fins are absent or poorly developed. A single black spot may be present at the base of these fins. Adipose fin with a white dorsal edge. Both lobes of the caudal fin with dark bar from base to tip, posterior margin of fin white. Axillary pore present, mandibular teeth 13-29, 8 pectoral fin rays, eye 44.9-62 % of snout length, premaxillary tooth pad uninterrupted, secondary branches on medial mandibular barbel absent, papillae on the skin of body absent. Adipose fin short, poorly developed, margin convex. The humeral process is narrow in juveniles becoming wider in adults, elongated and granulous, possessing a distinct ridge on its ventral margin in young specimens, the ridge becomes indistinct in adults, dorsal margin is concave, terminating in a sharp point.] from [The base coloration is whitish grey, becoming a stronger brownish, often a very attractive golden bronze, on the head and upper body. The belly is whitish with or without spots. On the base color there are roundish dark spots of variable size, at most eye diameter and smaller on the head. In juvenile specimens spots are larger, irregular and sometimes confluent. Maxillary and mandibular barbels white. Iris yellowish to copper colored. Dorsal and pectoral-fin spines brown to black, filaments white. Pectoral spine with thin, light stripe along anterior margin. Dorsal and pectoral fins with black triangles at base, posterior margins white in color. Triangles in this species may be completely solid or composed of closely spaced dots. Black triangles at base of pelvic and anal fins absent or poorly developed. Single black spot may be present at the base of these fins. Adipose fin with white dorsal edge. Both lobes of caudal fin with dark bar from base to tip, posterior margin of fin white. Axillary pore present, mandibular teeth 13-29, 8 pectoral fin rays, eye 44.9-62 % of snout length, premaxillary toothpad uninterrupted, secondary branches on medial mandibular barbel absent, papillae on skin of body absent. Adipose fin short, poorly developed, margin convex. Humeral process narrow in juveniles becoming wider in adults, elongated, granulous, possessing distinct ridge on its ventral margin in young specimens, ridge becoming indistinct in adults, dorsal margin concave, terminating in a sharp point.].

        Genus_sexing changed to [First lay the fish in your hand with its head toward your palm and the tail toward your fingers. Hold the dorsal spine between your middle and ring finger so the fish is belly up and you won't get punctured by the sharp fin spines (which hurts - be careful). The genital pore is in a small furrow of tissue (in healthy fish) and will be obstructed by the pelvic fins. Pull down on the tail gently to arch the fish's spine and the pelvic fins will stand and the furrow open to display the genital pore and the anus of the fish. The male has a somewhat ridged genital papillae on which the spermatoduct is on the back side, facing the tail fin. A gravid female will also show an extended papillae but the oviduct is on the ventral side of the papillae. It may also show a little redness if gravid. A thin or emaciated female will have just two pink pores, the oviduct and the anus.] from [First lay the fish in your hand with its head toward your palm and the tail toward your fingers. Hold the dorsal spine between your middle and ring finger so the fish is belly up and you won't get punctured by the sharp fin spines (which hurts - be careful). The genital pore is in a small furrow of tissue (in healthy fish) and will be obstructed by the pelvic fins. Pull down on the tail gently to arch the fishes spine and the pelvic fins will stand and the furrow open to display the genital pore and the anus of the fish. The male has a somewhat ridged genital papillae on which the spermatoduct is on the back side, facing the tail fin. A gravid female will also show an extended papillae but the oviduct is on the ventral side of the papillae. It may also show a little redness if really gravid. A thin or emaciated female will have just two pink pores, the oviduct and the anus.].

        Sexing changed to [Males have a higher dorsal fin. Females are generally plumper and more rounded in profile. As with other Synodontis, in male fish it is possible to distinguish a 3-4 mm genital papilla near the anus.] from [Males have a higher dorsal fin. Females are generally plumper and more rounded in profile. As with other Synodontis, in male fish it is possible to distinguish a 3-4 mm genital papilla near the anus.].

        General changed to [S. multipunctatus and S. grandiops are most reliably separated by pectoral-fin ray counts with S. mutipunctatus having 1 pectoral fin spine with 8 soft rays and S. grandiops having a count of 1, 7 . The soft pectoral-fin elements (i.e. the rays) are almost always branched (the only exception being the last one or two rays, which are sometimes unbranched) a ray is counted as one at its base before it branches out. Also keep in mind the larger adult size of S. multipunctatus. It appears a southern and northern (at least) tribe exist, with the northern being the ''regular'' form and the southern being generally paler with more spacing between the spots.] from [S. multipunctatus and S. grandiops are most reliably separated by pectoral-fin ray counts with S. mutipunctatus having 1 pectoral fin spine with 8 soft rays and S. grandiops having a count of 1, 7 . The soft pectoral-fin elements (i.e. the rays) are almost always branched (the only exception being the last one or two rays, which are sometimes unbranched) a ray is counted as one at its base before it branches out. Also keep in mind the larger adult size of S. multipunctatus. It appears a southern and northern (at least) tribe exist, with the northern being the ''regular'' form and the southern being generally paler with more spacing between the spots.].

        Feeding changed to [Feeds on snails, crustaceans and insect larvae in the wild. Not a fussy eater in the aquarium, but prefers meat based over vegetable based food. Generally considered to be a specialized predator of Neothauma tanganyicense(a snail).] from [Feeds on snails, crustaceans and insect larvae in the wild. Not a fussy eater in the aquarium, but prefers meat based over vegetable based food. Generally considered to be a specialized predator of Neothauma tanganyicense(a snail).].

        Compatibility changed to [A schooling fish that prefers the company of its own kind. We recommend keeping at least three and ideally five or more S. multipunctatus together. Prefers crepuscular lighting. Generally peaceful, but may eat very small tank mates. Can hold its own with most Rift Lake catfish and cichlids seen in the hobby.] from [A schooling fish that prefers the company of its own kind. We recommend keeping at least three and ideally five or more S. multipunctatus together. Prefers crepuscular lighting. Generally peaceful, but may eat very small tank mates. Can hold its own with most Rift Lake catfish and cichlids seen in the hobby.].

        Tankmates changed to [Often kept with Tanganyika, Malawi and Victoria cichlids, but dedicated siluriphiles may wish to consider keeping Tanganyikan Synodontis in all Synodontis tanks.] from [Often kept with Tanganyika, Malawi and Victoria cichlids, but dedicated siluriphiles may wish to consider keeping Tanganyikan Synodontis in all Synodontis tanks.].

        Breeding changed to [The only known parasitic brood spawner that is a vertebrate but not a bird. Spawns in cichlid spawning sites. See Catfish of the Month article for more detail. Research (Zimmermann, H., Blažek, R., Polačik, M. et al. Individual experience as a key to success for the cuckoo catfish brood parasitism. Nat Commun 13, 1723 (2022)) shows that individual pairs of these catfish learn and become more effective "cuckoo spawners" with practice.] from [The only known parasitic brood spawner that is a vertebrate but not a bird. Spawns in cichlid spawning sites. See Catfish of the Month article for more detail. Research (Zimmermann, H., Blažek, R., Polačik, M. et al. Individual experience as a key to success for the cuckoo catfish brood parasitism. Nat Commun 13, 1723 (2022)) shows that individual pairs of these catfish learn and become more effective "cuckoo spawners" with practice.].
      • Mar 31, 03:34 (Schilbeidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Ogôoué [Ogowe] River at Ngomo, Gabon.] from [Ogôoué [Ogowe] River at Ngomo, Gabon.].

        Literature changed to [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38 (no. 9), pp 273.] from [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38, pp 273.].

        Distribution changed to [Africa: Dja, Nyong, and Ntem River in Cameroon; the Ogowe, Nyanga and N"dogo River in Gabon.] from [Africa: Dja, Nyong, and Ntem River in Cameroon; the Ogowe, Nyanga and N"dogo River in Gabon.].
      • Mar 31, 03:33 Fundulopanchax puerzli (Nothobranchiidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Radda & Scheel] from [Radda & Scheel].

        Type_locality changed to [Small stream near entrance to a large tributary of Wuri (Vouri) River, 27 kilometers northeast of "Kreuzung der Straßen Douala-Edea-Yabassi in Richtung Yabassi", western Cameroon, 4°18'N, 10°03'E.] from [Small stream near entrance to a large tributary of Wuri (Vouri) River, 27 kilometers northeast of "Kreuzung der Straßen Douala-Edea-Yabassi in Richtung Yabassi", western Cameroon, 4°18'N, 10°03'E.].

        Literature changed to [Aquarium-Journal - Österreichische Fachzeitschrift für alle Gebiete der Aquaristik, Terraristik, Umwelt- und Naturschutz... v. 4 (no. 3), pp 33 [3], Fig. 1 (top), Color figs. 1-2 (p. 35[5).] from [aquarienjournal - Österreichische Fachzeitschrift für alle Gebiete der Aquaristik, Terraristik, Umwelt- und Naturschutz... v. 4 (no. 3), pp 33 [3], Fig. 1 (top), Color figs. 1-2 (p. 35 [5]).].
      • Mar 31, 01:59 (Characidae)
        [changes]
        Type_locality changed to [Brazil [probably eastern Pará State].] from [Brazil.].

        General changed to [This species is "incertae sedis", meaning it's classification status is unclear.] from [This species is "incertae sedis", meaning it's classification status is unclear.].
      • Mar 30, 10:28 (Loricariidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Nijssen & Isbrücker] from [Isbrücker & Nijssen].

        Year changed to [1988] from [1986].

        Original_desc changed to [n] from [y].

        Literature changed to [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 15 (no. 2), pp 37, Figs. 8-10.] from [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 12 (no. 4)].
      • Mar 30, 10:28 (Callichthyidae)
        [changes]
        Desc_by changed to [Nijssen & Isbrücker] from [Nijssen & Isbrücker].

        Literature changed to [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 42 (no. 5), pp 37, Pl. 4 (fig. 1).] from [Zool. Meded. (Leiden) v. 42 (no. 5) 37 Pl. 4 (fig. 1)].

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