Close-up of head showing cheek bristles
Close-up of underside of head showing same.
Ventral view illustrating scutes
One day old eggs
Two day old eggs
Three day old eggs
Four day old eggs
Five day old eggs
Six day old eggs
Seven day old eggs
One day old fry - lateral view
One day old fry - ventral view
Three day old fry
Male - ventral view
Female - ventral view
Close-up of female genital area
Close-up of male genital area
Male fanning eggs - lateral view
Close-up of dorsal view
Habitat: Rio Magdalena at Ricaurte
Fry, approx 1 month old
|All Fishes Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Sturisomatichthys aureus (Steindachner, 1900)|
|Common Names||Giant Whiptail
Gylden Størmalle (Denmark), Helikoptermal (Sweden), Stoerwels (Germany)
|Type Locality||Río Magdalena at Bodega Central, Colombia.|
|Synonym(s)||Loricaria aurea, Sturisoma aureum|
|Etymology||(German)Sturio=Sturgeon + (Greek)soma=body + (Greek) -ichthys=fish. This specific epithet refers to its golden (aureum=golden) colour.|
|Size||150mm or 5.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Young Sturisoma of any species are difficult to distinguish. S. aureum can be distinguished from most congeners by the black horizontal markings behind the first dorsal ray, that are solid vice speckled. It also appears to be the smallest member of the genus rarely reaching over six inches in length. S. aureum, when in good condition, has a long trailing fin extension from the upper caudal lobe.|
|Sexing||Males sport conspicuous odontodes along the sides of the head and rostrum.|
|General Remarks||Evers and Seidel (2002) describe this fish in earlier editions of their Wels Atlas as Sturisoma sp. "Kolumbien". This is probably the most common Sturisoma shipped from Colombia. Sturisomatichthys leightoni are often mixed in the shipments. These shipments are also sometimes combined with shipments of another Sturisoma species that are collected further downriver.|
|Distribution||Colombia. Found in the Rio Magdalena and its tributaries, upstream of Honda. It appears to be the species common in the upper Magdalena and is replaced downriver by another Sturisoma species.
Magdalena, San Jorge and Cesar River basins, Colombia.
Colombia Caribbean Rivers, Magdalena (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|pH||6.6 - 7.6|
|Temperature||20.0-26.0°C or 68-78.8°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||Soft to medium water hardness. It should also be noted that this fish prefers slightly cooler water and may not thrive in a warmer (over 78°F/26°C) aquarium.|
|Feeding||Typical of the genus. The diet should be mainly spinach, cucumber, and algae wafers with meaty food like blood worms or brine shrimp fed once per week.|
|Furniture||Does well in a planted aquaria with driftwood.|
|Compatibility||Peaceful community fish. Do not place with more robust loricariids as it is not a strong competitor for food.|
|Breeding||See Shane's World article.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 18) (for 12 July 1900), pp 206.|
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|Last Update||2019 Sep 29 02:46 (species record created: 2001 Apr 29 00:00)|