All FishesPangasiidaeHelicophagus

  • Helicophagus typus
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Scientific Name Helicophagus typus  Bleeker, 1857
Common Name Patin Muncung (Indonesia)
Type Locality Mussi River, Palembang, Sumatra.
Hop to next section Species Information
Size 628mm or 24.7" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Helicophagus have a short and a large premaxillary toothplate; the vomerine toothplate without additional toothplate; the front border of the snout is pierced by anterior nostrils; the posterior nostrils are between and in line with the anterior nostrils and the middle of eye; a narrow mouth (<35% HL); a slender anterior part of snout length (<16.5% HL) (Gustiano & Pouyaud, 2008, Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, 3(1), 13-22.

Head short, narrow, and conical. Mouth subterminal; vomerine short. Anterior nostrils pierced through front of mouth. Premaxillary and vomerine teeth conical; premaxillary teeth in a single curved band. Vomerine toothplate fused in specimens over 180mm SL. Maxillary barbels long but never reaching posterior border of operculum; mandibular barbels up to or beyond eye, but never reaching isthmus; mandibular barbel less than 35% HL. Eye small; eye diameter 9.3-13.5% HL. Gill rakers on the first branchial arch, 27-33. Body narrow and elongated; predorsal distance long; abdomen short with short prepectoral and prepelvic distance. Minute adipose fin. Anal fin base high and long; anal fin length 29-32.9% SL; anal rays 27-30. Color in life: Body pale brownish and darker on dorsum.
Hop to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Sumatra and southeastern Borneo.
Pacific, Greater Sunda Island Rivers, Sumatra Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Pacific, Greater Sunda Island Rivers, Borneo Waters, Southern Borneo Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2019.
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Wild caught specimens have stomach contents containing gastropod and bivalve mollusks, and tubificid worms.
Breeding Unreported.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Hop to next section Further Information
Reference Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 3 (art. 9), pp 46.
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Last Update 2020 Jan 07 00:57 (species record created: 2008 Jun 24 18:26)