All FishesLoricariidaeHypostominaePanaque

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Scientific NamePanaque schaeferi  Lujan, Hidalgo & Stewart, 2010
Common NamesLDA065, Titanic Pleco
L203, Schaefers Kongesugemalle (Denmark), Ucayali - Panaque (Germany), Volkswagen Pleco
Type LocalityPeru, Ucayali Department, Padre Abad Province, Aguaytia River drainage, Santa Ana River, Cordillera Azul National Park, 8°29'51''S, 75°33'36''W, 250 m elevation.
Pronunciationpan ah KAY.
EtymologyThe generic epithet "panaque" is a Venezuelan common name for this fish. Patronym honoring Scott A. Schaefer, ichthyologist, Editor of Copeia, and Curator of Fishes at the American Museum of Natural History, for his many contributions to the field of ichthyology, and for his contributions to our understanding of the Loricarioidea in particular.
Hop to next section Species Information
Size 600mm or 23.6" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationThe genus Panaque is identified by the teeth, which are spoon-shaped. This means that the teeth are noticeably wider at the tip than at the base. Other loricariidae have teeth that are similar width all the way from one end to the other. A second distinguishing feature is the lack of a buccal papilla, which is a "flap of skin" on the inside of the mouth. See pictures in this PDF on Pterygoplichthys.

A dark brown species with black, smudged markings which continue on all fins except the caudal fin which is clear except for a brown trim along the outer edge. Classic Panaque body shape.
Hop to next section Habitat Information
DistributionWidespread in the upper Amazon (Solimões) mainstem and its tributaries in Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru including the Purus, Ucayali/Urubamba, and Pastaza Rivers, and at least as far down the Amazon River mainstem as Santarem, Brazil.
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Marañón, Ucayali, Upper Ucayali (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Purus (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Marañón, Pastaza (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Marañón, Ucayali (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Marañón, Ucayali, Urubamba (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Upper Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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Temperature22.0-25.0°C or 71.6-77°F (Show species within this range)
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingAll Panaque appear to feed on wood, so wood should be present in the tank. They also take prepared algae wafers and fresh vegetables (zucchini, cucumber, peas, green beans) and tubers (potato, yams and similar).
FurnitureNatural habitat is among fallen trees and wood-tangles.
CompatibilityGenerally peaceful, but may defend their territory against conspecifics.
BreedingUnreported.
Hop to next section Further Information
ReferencesCopeia 2010 (no. 4), pp 693, Figs. 12-13.
DATZ 2/1996, pp 74-75.
Aqualog (supplement) matches DATZ.
Registered KeepersNone.
Breeding ReportsNone.
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Last Update2013 Jul 19 17:44 (species record created: 2002 Feb 03 00:00)