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Scientific Name Sturisomatichthys reinae  Londoño-Burbano & Reis, 2019
Common Name Royal Twig Catfish
Type Locality Boca de Pepé, one of the various tributaries and river close to village, Baudó River basin, Chocó department, Colombia, 5°03'04"N, 77°3'00"W [corrected].
Etymology (German)Sturio=Sturgeon + (Greek) soma=body + (Greek) -ichthys=fish. 
Hop to next section Species Information
Identification Sturisoma and Sturisomatichthys can be difficult to tell apart. Older descriptions of the genera emphasized the length of the snout (elongated in Sturisoma), but this trait is not reliable across species. Recent analyses allow discrimination based on the abdominal plates, fin colors and lateral plates: Sturisoma has its central abdominal plates arranged in three clearly-defined longitudinal series; all fins (except sometimes pectoral fins) lack dark spots; and 20–21 lateral plates in median series. Sturisomatichthys has its central abdominal plates less organized, not arranged in clearly-defined longitudinal series; dark spots usually present on one or more of the dorsal-, pectoral-, pelvic, or anal-fins; and 15–18 lateral plates in median series. Furthermore, to date all Sturisoma are cis-Andean; most (but not all) Sturisomatichthys are trans-Andean.

Often, incorrectly, labelled S. aureum or S. festivus. In this species, the striking dorsal finnage has extensions (especially on the male) and a very high body compared to most congeners. It differs from S. festivus in that it never develops long filaments from the pectoral fins.
Hop to next section Habitat Information
Colombia Pacific Rivers, Baudó (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Not Evaluated
Hop to next section Husbandry Information
Breeding Is bred in the aquarium, see S. aureum.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Hop to next section Further Information
Reference Copeia v. 107 (no. 4), pp 795, Fig. 16.
Registered Keepers There is no registered keeper.
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Last Update 2024 Apr 06 01:45 (species record created: 2002 Apr 06 00:00)